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Republic of Ecuador /República del Ecuador (spanish)

Capital Quito
Official LanguageSpanish
Largest CityGuayaquil
CurencyUnited States Dollar (USD) since the year 2000 before the official currency was the "Sucre"
PresidentRafael Correa
Vice President Jorge Glas
Recognised regional languages : Kichwa (Quichua), Shuar and others "are in official use for indigenous peoples" Ethnic groups 71.9% Mestizo 7.4% Montubio 7.2% Afroecuadorian 7% Amerindian 6.1% White 0.4% others
Calling Country Code+593
DrivesOn the right side
Total Area283,560 km2 (109,480 sq mi)
Galápagos Islands in the Pacific Ocean, about 1,000 kilometres (620 mi) west of the mainland.
Altitude of Quito 2820 msl. (9250 ft.) second highest capital after "LaPaz" Bolivia
Quito was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1978
Cuenca is the third largest city was also declared a World Heritage Site in 1999
Ecuador´s Economyhighly commodities dependent, namely petroleum the N°1 expeort product and agricultural products
Current ConstitutionSeptember 28, 2008
Independence• Declared August 10, 1809 • from Spain May 24, 1822 • from Gran Colombia May 13, 1830 • Recognized February 16, 1840[4]
Population (millions)16.444.427 as of february 2017
Time zone ECT / GALT (UTC−5 / −6)
Bounded west by the Pacific Ocean, 2,337 km (1,452 mi) of coatline, Colombia in the north 590 km (367 mi) border and Peru in the east and south 1,420 km (882 mi) border. It is the westernmost country that lies on the equator.
GeographyThe country has four main geographic regions: Costa, (The Coast), Sierra (The Highlands), Amazonia (also known as the Oriente), Region Insular comprising (The Galápagos Islands)
Climatelargely determined by altitude. In the mountain valleys, feels mild year-round with a slight humid subtropical climate in the rainforest and lowlands coastal areas. The Pacific coastal areas have a tropical climate.
Location on the "Equator" lineEcuador experiences little variation in daylight hours during the course of a year. Both sunrise and sunset occur each day at the two six o'clock hours.
BiodiversityEcuador is one of seventeen megadiverse countries in the world according to Conservation International,and it has the most biodiversity per square kilometer of any nation.
Designations of OriginPanama Hat (Sombrero de Paja Toquilla)made in Montecristi, Cacao Arriba (Cacao Nacional)
Road NetworkEcuador the country with the best quality roads in Latin America, according to the World Economic Forum
Guayaquil´s altitude6m. above M.S.L, (19.68 ft. above M.S,L)
Cuenca´s Altitude2558 m. MSL (8390 ft. above M.S.L)